Question: Error message "undefined reference to template function passed as template parameter"

Question

Error message "undefined reference to template function passed as template parameter"

Answers 2
Added at 2016-12-30 16:12
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Question

When I pass a template function as a template parameter of a base class, the linker complains that it cannot link the function:

#include <stdio.h>

template<int I> inline int identity() {return I;}
//template<> inline int identity<10>() {return 20;}

template<int (*fn)()>
class Base {
public:
    int f() {
        return fn();
    }
};

template<int Val>
class Derived : public Base<identity<10> > {
public:
    int f2() {
        return f();
    }
};

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    Derived<10> o;
    printf("result: %d\n", o.f2());
    return 0;
}

Results in:

$ g++ -o test2 test2.cpp && ./test2
/tmp/ccahIuzY.o: In function `Base<&(int identity<10>())>::f()':
test2.cpp:(.text._ZN4BaseIXadL_Z8identityILi10EEivEEE1fEv[_ZN4BaseIXadL_Z8identityILi10EEivEEE1fEv]+0xd): undefined reference to `int identity<10>()'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

If I comment out the specialization, then the code compiles and links as expected. Also, if I inherit from Base<identity<Val> > instead of Base<identity<10> >, the code works as I expect.

Try here: http://coliru.stacked-crooked.com/a/9fd1c3aae847aaf7

What do I miss?

Answers
nr: #1 dodano: 2016-12-30 17:12

Lifting it out into a typedef makes it compile, i.e.

typedef Base< identity<10> > base10;

I am not quite sure why doing it straight in the class definition doesn't work.

http://coliru.stacked-crooked.com/a/f00b4f4d1c43c2b0

nr: #2 dodano: 2016-12-30 17:12

It seems the problem is a gcc error: the code compiles and links with clang, icc, and the EDG frontend. A potential work-around not changing any of the uses would be the use of a class template identity instead of a function:

template<int I>
struct identity {
    operator int() { return I; }
};

template<typename fn>
class Base {
public:
    int f() {
        return fn();
    }
};
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