Question: Dropdown binding issue with track by

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Dropdown binding issue with track by

Answers 5
Added at 2017-09-07 17:09
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I am getting problem while binding my dropdown value with associative array.

Problem is with track by so like when i dont add track by to my dropdown then i have my binding with dropdown and when i add track by then i am unable to auto select dropdown value.

I want to use track by with ng-options so that angular js doesnt add $$hashKey and leverage performance benefit associated with track by.

I am not getting why this beaviour is happening.

Note : I only want to bind name of choices like Pizza or burger for each of my $scope.items and not whole object

Update : As i understand and with so much trying with current data structure of my $scope.items it is not working with ng-options and i want to use ng-options with track by to avoid generating hash key by angular js.I also tried ng-change as suggested by @Marcin Malinowski but i am getting key as undefined.So what should be my data structure of $scope.items so that when i need to acsess any item from my $scope.items i can access it without doing loop(like we access items from associative array) like how i can access now with currect data structure and using ngoptions only with track by.

Can anybody please help me with this?

var app = angular.module("myApp", []);
app.controller("MyController", function($scope) {
  $scope.items = [
  {
    "title": "1",
    "myChoice" :"",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc",
          "$$hashKey": "object:417"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr",
          "$$hashKey": "object:418"
        }
      }
   },
   {
    "title": "2",
     "myChoice" :"",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc",
          "$$hashKey": "object:417"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr",
          "$$hashKey": "object:418"
        }
      }
   }
  ];
   
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>
<ul ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="MyController">
   <div ng-repeat="data in items">
       <div>{{data.title}}
       </div>
     <select ng-model="data.myChoice" 
     ng-options="key as key for (key , value) in data.choices track by $index"><option value="">Select Connection</option></select>
   </div>
   
   </ul>

Answers to

Dropdown binding issue with track by

nr: #1 dodano: 2017-09-07 17:09

You need to add ng-change and pass/use your ng-model value there to get any property you wish.

nr: #2 dodano: 2017-09-07 18:09

ngOptions doesn't create new scope like ngRepeat directive per item therefore you don't need to take care about to get rid of $$hashKey

I would use ng-repeat to iterate on <option> (suppose you don't create long lists):

<select ng-model="data.myChoice">    
    <option value="">Select Connection</option>
    <option ng-repeat="(key , value) in data.choices track by key" ng-value="key" title="{{key}}"
    >{{key}}</option>
</select>

Working Demo Fiddle


Take look on this issue: github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/6564 - ng-options track by and select as are not compatible

I believe this issue still exists so suggest you to use ngRepeat with track by instead. For small list there is no performance penalty

nr: #3 dodano: 2017-09-07 19:09

The problems in your code are:

1) track by $index is not supported by ngOptions, it will result the value of the option to be undefined(in your case it will be an $index of ngRepeat);

2) track by doesn't work well with object data-sources (it is supposed to be used with array data-sources), from the docs:

trackexpr: Used when working with an array of objects. The result of this expression will be used to identify the objects in the array.

Of course, you can use ngRepeat to generate option elements, but personally, I would prefer using ngOptions without track by due to the benefits it has over ngRepeat.

UPDATE: Here is the code that illustrates how you can change your initial data-source and use track by to pre-select an option in case the model is an object. But even in the first example console.log() shows that $$hashKey was not added to choices object.

var app = angular.module("myApp", []);
app.controller("MyController", ['$scope', '$timeout', function($scope, $timeout) {
  $scope.items = [
  {
    "title": "1",
    "myChoice" :"burger",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr"
        }
      }
   },
   {
    "title": "2",
     "myChoice" :"",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr"
        }
      }
   }
  ];
  
  $scope.itemsTransformed = angular.copy($scope.items).map(function(item){
    delete item.myChoice;
    item.choices = Object.keys(item.choices).map(function(choice){
        item.choices[choice].name = choice;
        return item.choices[choice];
    });
    return item;
  });
  
  //select an option like an object, not a string
  $scope.itemsTransformed[1].myChoice = $scope.itemsTransformed[1].choices[0];
  
  $timeout(function() {
    //changes a prop in opts array - options are not-re-rendered in the DOM
    //the same option is still selected
    $scope.itemsTransformed[1].choices[0].arg = "xyz";
  }, 3000);
  
  $scope.selectionChanged =function(key, items){
    console.log(items); //as we can see $$hashKey wasn't added to choices props
  };
   
}]);
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>
<ul ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="MyController">
   <p>Without track by:</p>
   <div ng-repeat="data in items track by data.title">
     <div>{{data.title}} - {{data.myChoice}}</div>
       
     <select ng-model="data.myChoice" 
             ng-options="key as key for (key , value) in data.choices"
             ng-change="selectionChanged(key, items)">
       <option value="">Select Connection</option>
     </select>
     
   </div>
   <hr/>
    <p>Using track by name to pre-select an option:</p>
    <div ng-repeat="data in itemsTransformed track by data.title">
     <div>{{data.title}} - {{data.myChoice}}</div>
       
     <select ng-model="data.myChoice" 
             ng-options="choice as choice.name for choice in data.choices track by choice.name"
             ng-change="selectionChanged(key, itemsTransformed)">
       <option value="">Select Connection</option>
     </select>
     
   </div>
</ul>

UPDATE 2: A simple example that shows us the fact $$hashKey property is not added to the objects when using ngOptions without track by:

var app = angular.module("myApp", []);
app.controller("MyController", ['$scope', '$timeout', function ($scope, $timeout) {
    $scope.items = {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr"
        }
      };

    $scope.selectionChanged = function (key, items) {
        console.log($scope.items);
    };

}]);
<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>
<div ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="MyController">
    <hr/>
    <p>Example without track by:</p>

    <select ng-model="myChoice"
            ng-options="key as key for (key , value) in items"
            ng-change="selectionChanged(myChoice, items)">
        <option value="">Select Connection</option>
    </select> 
    <hr/>
    {{myChoice}}
</div>

UPDATE 3: Final result below (that work with angularjs versions < 1.4, for 1.4+ I would recommend changing the data structure as $scope.itemsTransformed in the first code snippet):

angular.module("myApp", [])
.controller("MyController", ['$scope', function ($scope) {
    $scope.items = [
        {
            "title": "1",
            "myChoice": "burger",
            "choices": {
                "pizza": {
                    "type": 1,
                    "arg": "abc"
                },
                "burger": {
                    "type": 1,
                    "arg": "pqr"
                }
            }
        },
        {
            "title": "2",
            "myChoice": "",
            "choices": {
                "pizza": {
                    "type": 1,
                    "arg": "abc"
                },
                "burger": {
                    "type": 1,
                    "arg": "pqr"
                }
            }
        }
    ];
}]);
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>
<div ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="MyController">
    <div ng-repeat="data in items track by data.title">
        <div>{{data.title}} {{data.myChoice}}</div>

        <select ng-model="data.myChoice"
                ng-options="key as key for (key , value) in data.choices">
            <option value="">Select Connection</option>
        </select>

    </div>
</div>

nr: #4 dodano: 2017-09-11 11:09

ngOptions attribute can be used to dynamically generate a list of elements for the element using the array or object

ngModel watches the model by reference, not value. This is important to know when binding the select to a model that is an object or a collection.

1.If you set the model to an object that is equal to an object in your collection, ngOptions won't be able to set the selection, because the objects are not identical. So by default, you should always reference the item in your collection for preselections, e.g.: $scope.selected = $scope.collection[3]

  1. ngOptions will track the identity of the item not by reference, but by the result of the track by expression. For example, if your collection items have an id property, you would track by item.id.

For Example :

 $scope.items = [
  {
    "title": "1",
    "myChoice" :"",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr"
        }
      }
   },
   {
    "title": "2",
     "myChoice" :"",
      "choices": {
        "pizza": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "abc"
        },
        "burger": {
          "type": 1,
          "arg": "pqr"
        }
      }
   }
  ];

From the above 2nd point, track the identity of the item not by reference.

Add keyName of key in the object and track by keyName or track by arg , type.

Track by arg or type :

 <select ng-model="data.myChoice" 
                 ng-options="choice as choice.arg for choice in data.choices track by choice.arg">
           <option value="">Select Connection</option>
         </select>

Or add keyName inside the choice object

 $scope.items = $scope.items.filter(function(item){
    delete item.myChoice;
    item.choices = Object.keys(item.choices).map(function(choice){
        item.choices[choice].keyName = choice;
        return item.choices[choice];
    });
    return item;
  });

HTML Code:

<div ng-controller="MyCtrl">
   <ul>
   <div ng-repeat="data in items">
     <select ng-model="data.selected" 
             ng-options="choice as choice.keyName for choice in data.choices track by choice.keyName"
             ng-change="selection(data.selected)">
       <option value="">Select</option>
     </select>

   </div>
   </ul>
</div>

Demo Link Example

nr: #5 dodano: 2017-09-13 07:09
<select class="form-control pickupaddress ng-pristine ng-valid ng-touched m-r-sm m-t-n-xs" ng-model="item.pickup_address" tabindex="0" aria-invalid="false" ng-options="add._id as add.nick_name for add in addPerFood[item.food._id] | unique:'nick_name'" ng-change="dropDownSelect(item.pickup_address,allCarts,item,$index)">
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