Question: Django issue : UnicodeEncodeError

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Django issue : UnicodeEncodeError

Answers 2
Added at 2017-10-03 12:10
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I'm getting this common error in my code :

Exception Type: UnicodeEncodeError
Exception Value:'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xe9' in position 6: ordinal not in range(128)

Why ? Because I'm handling firstnames with french accents.

This is my code :

if 'rechercheGED' in request.GET:

        query_social_number = request.GET.get('q1social')

        sort_params = {}

        Individu_Recherche.set_if_not_none(sort_params, 'NumeroIdentification__iexact', query_social_number)

        query_lastname_list = Individu_Recherche.Recherche_Get(Individu, sort_params)

        lastname = query_lastname_list.Nom
        firstname = query_lastname_list.Prenom
        NIU = query_lastname_list.NumeroIdentification

        title = str(lastname + "_" + firstname + "_" + NIU)

The issue comes from : firstname = query_lastname_list.Prenom

Because in my case the firstname is Jérôme

I tried some things :

1) insert at the beginning :

#-*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import unicode_literals

2) Use firstname = query_lastname_list.Prenom.encode('utf-8') and firstname = query_lastname_list.Prenom.decode('utf-8')

But up to now, impossible remove this error and handle data with accents.

Do you have any idea ?

EDIT :

This is the full Traceback :

Environment:


Request Method: GET
Request URL: http://localhost:8000/Identification/Person/Research/?q1social=19910-00001-634239-2&rechercheGED=Rechercher

Django Version: 1.10.3
Python Version: 2.7.12
Installed Applications:
['Institution',
 'django.contrib.admin',
 'django.contrib.auth',
 'django.contrib.contenttypes',
 'django.contrib.sessions',
 'django.contrib.messages',
 'django.contrib.staticfiles',
 'bootstrapform',
 'django_countries',
 'debug_toolbar',
 'chartit',
 'Configurations',
 'Home',
 'Authentication',
 'Identity',
 'rest_framework']
Installed Middleware:
['django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.locale.LocaleMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.gzip.GZipMiddleware',
 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware',
 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware',
 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware',
 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware',
 'debug_toolbar.middleware.DebugToolbarMiddleware',
 'DatasystemsCORE.middleware.OnlineNowMiddleware']



Traceback:

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/exception.py" in inner
  39.             response = get_response(request)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py" in _legacy_get_response
  249.             response = self._get_response(request)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py" in _get_response
  187.                 response = self.process_exception_by_middleware(e, request)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py" in _get_response
  185.                 response = wrapped_callback(request, *callback_args, **callback_kwargs)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/decorators.py" in _wrapped_view
  23.                 return view_func(request, *args, **kwargs)

File "/Users/valentinjungbluth/Desktop/Django/DatasystemsCORE/DatasystemsCore/DatasystemsCORE/Identity/views.py" in IdentityIndividuResearching
  454.         title = str(lastname + "_" + firstname + "_" + NIU)

Exception Type: UnicodeEncodeError at /Identification/Person/Research/
Exception Value: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xe9' in position 6: ordinal not in range(128)
Answers to

Django issue : UnicodeEncodeError

nr: #1 dodano: 2017-10-03 12:10

Since you're using Python 2.x, the problem does lie with the last line of the traceback.

title = unicode(str(lastname + "_" + firstname + "_" + NIU))

Either lastname, firstname or NIU contain characters that can not be represented by 7-bit ASCII, which is what str does (in Python 2).

Django comes with the useful functions force_text and force_bytes for these sorts of string casts, and also it's a good idea to use string interpolation instead of + when doing this sort of stuff:

from django.utils.text import force_text

title = force_text('%s_%s_%s' % (lastname, firstname, NIU))
nr: #2 dodano: 2017-10-03 12:10

In Python 3, your title = str(lastname + "_" + firstname + "_" + NIU) would work they way you expect. In Python 2, you're mixing Unicode and ASCII, so Python "helpfully" tries to convert the Unicode strings to ASCII so it can add them together, and of course that will fail if the Unicode cannot be represented in ASCII.

A simple way to fix this is to make everything Unicode. Eg,

firstname = u'Jérôme'
lastname = u'Pécresse'
title = lastname + u'_' + firstname
print title

output

Pécresse_Jérôme

I strongly recommend that you migrate to Python 3, it will make things much more pleasant, once you get used to the different (but far superior) handling of text and bytes.

In the mean time, you may find this article helpful: Pragmatic Unicode, which was written by SO veteran Ned Batchelder.

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